Fidencio Constantino, known as “The Boy Fidencio”, was prosecuted for exercising the untitled medicinereveals file number 1515 recently opened by the Power of attorney of the State of New Lionby the magistrate Arturo Salinas Garza.
In 1927, the medicine man healed Theodore von Wermich of a disease, a landowner from the El Espinazo community, in Mina, Nuevo León. In gratitude, he took a photo of him and began to spread it throughout the state and that is how he obtained popularity.
It had such an exponential influence between 1927 and 1929, that it covered the front pages of the national newspapers most important of the time. Even the then president of Mexico, Plutarco Elias Callesvisited him in February 1928.
The Government of Nuevo León, through the Health Councildenounced “El Niño Fidencio” for practice medicine without title in a camp in the community of El Espinazo, a crime that warrants a year and a half in prison and a fine.
“People continue to arrive at the aforementioned camp requesting Fidencio’s services to cure all kinds of diseases. Fidencio Constantino continues his work of healing using other herbs from the region for all kinds of illnesses”, says the Council’s complaint of which Reporte Indigo has a copy.
This Council notes that in the camp of Fidencio there is a section called La Colonia de la Dicha, where the sick more serious than leprosy and the trains arrive at the El Espinazo station.
“In addition, all the people in the camp make a daily visit to the Colonia de la Dicha, where Fidencio has the habit of giving them a little cooked water to drink. In this colony, the sick from the rest of the camp mix with the relatives of those who have leprosy”, says the complaint made by the doctor Francisco Vela Gonzalez.
The Council concludes that the Fidencio camp constitutes a threat due to the agglomeration of sick people.
The attorney general of Nuevo León agreed to conduct the corresponding investigation in order to get to the truth of the reported events, despite knowing the importance and influence that Fidencio Constantino had in all of Mexico.
Later, the Public Ministry agent forwarded to the Third Criminal Court of Monterrey the written complaint filed by Dr. Francisco Vela González and the federal health delegate, accusing Fidencio Constantino for the alleged usurpation of professionalso asking that the thaumaturge be severely punished.
In defense “El Nino Fidencio”
The Third Judge of Letters of the Criminal Branch decreed a criminal case against Fidencio Constantine “El Niño Fidencio”, for the crime of practicing medicine without a title, for which his lawyer, Joseph Guajardopromoted an amparo trial.
This is protection 12/929 by violations of articles 4, 14 and 16 constitutional that was filed before a District Court of the State of Nuevo León.
“El Niño Fidencio” resorted to this legal maneuver, since the agent of the Public ministry asked the third criminal judge, Justino Saenz, to release the arrest warrant against him. Fidencio disapproved of the fraud label, since he considered that his assistance was not false.
In fact, he argued that for three or four years many people had come from all over the Republic for his treatments.
The District Court responded to the amparo trial, and granted the provisional suspension of the arrest warrant that the Third Criminal Judge had ordered. In exchange, he had to attend every business day with the assistant judge.
On February 7, 1929, the amparo trial was resolved in favor of Fidencio Constantino, definitively suspending the arrest warrant. Both the Health Council that accused Fidencio and the Third Court continued to question the issue of the cures and they resumed the case on the subject of public health.
The last diligence practiced had been on July 26, 1930, so five years passed without the trial being tried again. As a result, the judge decided that the most convenient thing was to file the process.